Thursday, November 1, 2012

Idaho - #43, July 3, 1890

The first permanent settlement in what became Idaho was established by the Mormons at Franklin in 1860. That same year gold was discovered at Orofino Creek in 1860 and prospectors swarmed into the territory., but they left little more than a number of ghost towns. Mining and lumbering have been important for years. Idaho ranks high among the states in silver, antimony, lead, cobalt, garnet, phosphate rock, vanadium, zinc, and mercury. The state produces about one fourth of the nation's potato crop, as well as wheat, apples, corn, barley, sugar beets, and hops.

The current Governor of Idaho is Republican C.L. "Butch" Otter . Both Senators for Idaho are Republicans, Mike Crapo and James Risch. There are two Representatives for Idaho, also both Republicans.
  • State Capital (and largest city) - Boise
  • Date of Admission - July 3, 1890
  • Area - 83,570 sq mi (14th) 
  • Population (2011 est.) - 1,584,985 (39th) 
  • State Motto - "Esto perpetua" "It is Forever" 
  • State Nickname - The Gem State
  • State bird - mountain bluebird
  • State horse - Appaloosa
  • State flower - syringa
  • State fish - cutthroat trout
  • State gem - star garnet
  • State tree - western white pine
  • State vegetable - potato (duh)
  • State University - The University of Idaho
  • The Idaho State Archives are found at the Idaho State Historical Society 
Prominent Idahoans - (here's a few lists to peruse, one and two)

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