Grant was not the first, nor the last, military man to gain the Presidency. He quarreled with President Johnson and became a hero to the Radical Republicans, who sought him out to run for President in 1868. He was a reluctant politician, accepting the nomination of the Republicans by replying, "Let us Have Peace," which became the slogan for Grant's campaign. His presidency featured the final days of Reconstruction and Grant also signed legislation that established, among other things, Yellowstone National Park (1872) and made Christmas a National Holiday (1870).
The economic Panic of 1873 cost the Republicans control of the House of Representatives for the first time since 1856 and the economic shockwaves took several years to recede, ultimately resulting in the Democrats winning the White House in 1876, but that's a story for next week. The Grant Administration was not without scandal, most notably the Whiskey Ring scandal and the Credit Mobilier, which brought down Grant's first vice president, Schuyler Colfax. While Grant was not directly involved with the scandals, it is his tolerance of corruption that pushes him toward the bottom of the list of presidents.
During his post-presidency, Grant traveled extensively around the world. He returned to the United States and was drafted to run for a third term as president in 1880. The nomination went to James Garfield and Grant campaigned for him, but that's a story for two weeks from now.
- born April 27, 1822 in Point Pleasant, Ohio
- died July 23, 1885 on Mount MacGregor, New York (age 63)
- Party: Republican (Grant was a career military man and only declared his party affiliation to run for the presidency.)
- Ulysses S. Grant & Schuyler Colfax (R) - 3,013,650 popular votes / 214 EVs
- Horatio Seymour & Francis Blair, Jr. (D) - 2,708,744 popular votes / 80 EVs
- Ulysses S. Grant and Henry Wilson (R) - 3,598,235 popular votes / 286 EVs
- Horace Greeley and B. Gratz Brown (D) - 2,834,761 popular votes / 66 EVs (Greeley died between the election and when the electors met to cast their votes. His 66 votes were dispersed among other Democrats.)
- Grant was born Hiram Ulysses Grant. When nominated to the United States Military Academy, the Congressman referred to him as Ulysses S. Grant, while Grant signed the register at West Point, "Ulysses Hiram Grant," to avoid getting the nickname "H.U.G." West Point only accepted the nominated name and Grant became Ulysses S. Grant.
- Grant was the first president to serve two full terms since Andrew Jackson, forty years earlier.
- Grant was the second president from Ohio, which is second only to Virginia in providing the country with presidential timber.
- When he entered the presidency, he was, at 46, the youngest President to date.
- Julia Grant was a supporter of women's rights and in 1872, her friend, Susan B. Anthony, supported her husband over Victoria C. Woodhull, the first woman to run for President.
- After leaving the presidency, he was elected president of the National Rifle Association (1883).
- And yet another reason for me to like him - while serving as President, Grant was cited for speeding in his horse and buggy, fined $20, and forced to walk back to the White House.
- White House Biography
- Miller Center Biography
- Internet Public Library Biography
- The Ulysses S. Grant homepage (interesting)
- The Ulysses S. Grant Association (at Southern Illinois University Carbondale)
- PBS's American Experience Ulysses S. Grant
- The Grant Obituary (from the New York Times)
- The Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant
- The Grant National Historic Site (in Missouri) (no)
- The Grant Cottage in Mount MacGregor, New York
- So you can really find out "Who is buried in Grant's Tomb?"