The issue of slavery dominated Taylor's shortened term. At the time of his death the Compromise of 1850 was being negotiated in the US Congress.
- born November 24, 1784 in Orange County, Virginia
- died July 9, 1850 at the White House (allegedly after eating cherries and milk following a July 4 celebration, although allegations of poisoning by arsenic continued into the 20th Century)
- Party: Whig
- Zachary Taylor - popular votes, 1,360,967 / 163 electoral votes
- Lewis Cass - popular votes, 1,222,342 / 127 electoral votes
- Martin Van Buren
- Taylor's only son, Richard, served as a general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. Taylor's daughter, Sarah, married future Confederate President Jefferson Davis, although she died three months later of malaria.
- Election Day in 1848 marked the first time that votes were cast across the country on the same day, November 7.
- Taylor was the second president to hold no other elected office (Washington was the first).
- Taylor is the last Southern president to be elected until Woodrow Wilson.
- Taylor was the first President to have been born after the end of the Revolutionary War and the Treaty of Paris, making him the first President born a true native American.